Basic File and Folder Permissions

The number and type of permissions that are available for any object depend on the security context of the object. For example, the following permissions are available for folders on NTFS partitions:

Read. Allows a user to see the files and subfolders in a folder and view folder attributes, ownership, and permissions.

Write. Allows a user to create new files and subfolders with the folder, change folder attributes, and view folder ownership and permissions.

List Folder Contents. Allows a user to see the names of files and subfolders in the folder.

Read & Execute. Gives a user the rights assigned through the Read permission and the List Folder Contents permission. It also gives the user the ability to traverse folders. Traverse folders rights allow a user to reach files and folders located in subdirectories even if the user does not have permission to access portions of the directory path.

Modify. Gives a user the ability to delete the folder and perform the actions permitted by the Write and Read & Execute permissions.

Full Control. Allows a user to change permissions, take ownership, delete subfolders and files, and perform the actions granted by all other permissions.

The following basic permissions apply to files on NTFS partitions:

Read. Allows a user to read a file and view file attributes, ownership, and permissions.

Write. Allows a user to overwrite a file, change file attributes, and view file ownership and permissions.

Read & Execute. Gives a user the rights required to run applications and perform the actions permitted by the Read permission.

Modify. Gives a user the ability to modify and delete a file and perform the actions permitted by the Write and Read & Execute permissions.

Full Control. Allows a user to change permissions, take ownership, and perform the actions granted by all other permissions.

Note